Malaysian Adolescents Not in School: The Nexus of Education, Work and Gender

  • Shyamala Nagaraj University of Michigan
  • Kiong-Hock Lee University of Malaya
  • Kim-Leng Goh University of Malaya
  • Nai-Peng Tey University of Malaya

Abstract

Malaysia has achieved all the Millennium Development Goals, including that of education, a consequence of expanding opportunities for education at all levels. These positives notwithstanding, significant attrition occurs in secondary school despite the provision of universal secondary education, with male attrition exceeding female attrition. The study finds that this has contributed not just to an under-qualified labour force but to a reduction in the potential for a tertiary educated one. The gendered nature of attrition is seen to be consistent across different indicators of educational outcomes and across different strata of society. It is argued that this is a symptom of critical deficits in the classroom. The over-correction in gender imbalance in education has not improved women’s position in society relative to other countries. Unless educational reform policies are directed at the black box that generates learning in the classroom, Malaysia will find it difficult to maintain its competitiveness in the world economy.

Author Biographies

Shyamala Nagaraj, University of Michigan

Department of Statistics, University of Michigan

Kiong-Hock Lee, University of Malaya

Faculty of Economics & Administration, University of Malaya,

Kim-Leng Goh, University of Malaya

Faculty of Economics & Administration, University of Malaya

Nai-Peng Tey, University of Malaya

Faculty of Economics & Administration, University of Malaya

Published
2017-06-02
How to Cite
NAGARAJ, Shyamala et al. Malaysian Adolescents Not in School: The Nexus of Education, Work and Gender. Malaysian Journal of Economic Studies, [S.l.], v. 53, n. 1, p. 87-113, june 2017. ISSN 1511-4554. Available at: <https://mjes.um.edu.my/article/view/2781>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2017.
Section
Articles